Dictionary: Varuna River

Varuna River The Varuna River is a minor tributary of the Ganges River in Uttar Pradesh, India. It originates at Phulpur in the Prayagraj district and merges into the Ganges near Sarai Mohana in the Varanasi district. The 6 km stretch between Sarai Mohana and Sadar, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh is prone to flooding. The name ‘Varanasi’ is originated from the name of two rivers, Varuna and Assi. According to the Vamana Purana, the river was created by the gods alongside the Asi River....

February 15, 2023 · 1 min · TheAum

Dictionary: Vasavi Kanyaka Parameswari

Vasavi Kanyaka Parameswari type Hindu name Vasavi Kanyaka Parameshvari region Andhra Pradesh affiliation Lakshmi, Parvati, Adi Parashakti texts Vasavi Puranamulu venerated_in Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism adherents Komati community Vasavi Kanyaka Parameshvari is a Hindu goddess, primarily revered by the Komati) community of Andhra Pradesh. She is primarily recognised by her adherents as a virgin form of Parvati, and sometimes also identified as a form of Lakshmi in Vaishnava tradition. She is regarded to be a kuladevata by members of the Komati community, as well as the Arya Vaishya, Kalinga Vaishya, Arava Vaishya, Marathi Vaishya, Beri Vaishya, and the Trivarnika Vaishya communities, as per the various versions of the Vasavi Puranamulu, written in Telugu during the 18th century CE....

February 15, 2023 · 4 min · TheAum

Dictionary: Vashistha Dharmasutra

Vashistha Dharmasutra The Vashistha Dharmasutra is one of the few surviving ancient Sanskrit Dharmasutras of Hinduism. It is reverentially named after a Rigvedic sage Vashistha who lived in the 2nd millennium BCE, but the text was probably composed by unknown authors between 300 BCE – 100 CE. It forms an independent text and other parts of the Kalpasūtra, that is Shrauta- and Grihya-sutras are missing. It is written in sutra style, and contains 1,038 sutras....

February 15, 2023 · 2 min · TheAum

Dictionary: Vasudeva Upanishad

Vasudeva Upanishad devanagari वासुदेव sanskrit_transliteration Vāsudeva meaning Son of Vasudeva or Krishna type Vaishnava veda Samaveda Vasudeva Upanishad (वासुदेव उपनिषत्, or Vasudevopanishad is one of 108 Upanishadic Hindu texts, written in Sanskrit language. It belongs to the Vaishnava sect, which worships Vishnu and his avatar Krishna, and this late medieval era minor Upanishad is attached to the Samaveda. It is one of the 14 Vaishnava Upanishads dedicated to Vaishnava sacred marks, including the Urdhva Pundra - the Vaishnava tilaka....

February 15, 2023 · 4 min · TheAum

Dictionary: Vasukra

Vasukra is a rishi with patronymic Aindra, author of RV 10.27, 29, and part of 28, and the name of another rishi, son of Vasishtha, author of two verses, RV 9.97.28-30. “wife of Vaskura” is the name of the author of the verse RV 10.28.1.

February 15, 2023 · 1 min · TheAum

Dictionary: Vatapi Ganapatim

Vatapi Ganapatim !Muthuswami Dikshitar 1976 stamp of India “Vatapi Ganapatim”, also known as “Vatapi ganapatim bhajeham” or “Vatapi ganapatim bhaje”, is a Sanskrit kriti) song by the South Indian poet-composer Muthuswami Dikshitar (1775–1835), one of the “Trinity of Carnatic music”. The panegyrical hymn praises Vatapi Ganapati, Ganesha (Ganapati) worshipped in a shrine in Tiruchenkattankudi Utrapatishwaraswamy Temple dedicated to lord Shiva in Thiruvarur district in the Tamil Nadu state of India. The hymn is composed in Hamsadhvani raga (musical mode); however, in tradition of kritis, individual performers add their own variations in the tune as a part of improvisation....

February 15, 2023 · 7 min · TheAum

Dictionary: Vātsyāyana

Vātsyāyana name Vātsyāyana occupation Philosopher nationality Indian subject Aspects of Hindu philosophy pertaining to pleasure-oriented faculties of human life notableworks Kama Sutra Vātsyāyana was an ancient Indian philosopher, known for authoring the Kama Sutra. He was a brahmin, and lived in India during the second or third century CE, probably in Pataliputra (modern day Patna in Bihar). He is not to be confused with Pakṣilasvāmin Vātsyāyana, the author of Nyāya Sutra Bhāshya, the first preserved commentary on Gotama’s Nyāya Sutras....

February 15, 2023 · 3 min · TheAum

Dictionary: Vedanga

Vedanga The Vedanga (वेदाङ्ग , “limbs of the Veda” ) are six auxiliary disciplines of Hinduism that developed in ancient times and have been connected with the study of the Vedas: List of the Vedanga Shiksha (): phonetics, phonology, pronunciation. This auxiliary discipline has focused on the letters of the Sanskrit alphabet, accent, quantity, stress, melody and rules of euphonic combination of words during a Vedic recitation. Chandas (): prosody). This auxiliary discipline has focused on the poetic meters, including those based on fixed number of syllables per verse, and those based on fixed number of morae per verse....

February 15, 2023 · 4 min · TheAum

Dictionary: Vedanta

Vedanta Vedanta (वेदान्त, ), also known as Uttara Mīmāṃsā, is a Hindu philosophical tradition that is considered one of the six orthodox (āstika) schools of Hindu philosophy. The word “Vedanta” means “end of the Vedas”, and encompasses the ideas and philosophies present in the Upanishads, with a focus on knowledge and liberation. Vedanta developed into many sub-traditions, all of which base their ideas on the authority of a common group of texts called the Prasthānatrayī, translated as “the three sources”: the Upanishads, the Brahma Sutras and the Bhagavad Gita....

February 15, 2023 · 29 min · TheAum

Dictionary: Vedas

Vedas religion Hinduism language Vedic Sanskrit period c. 1500–1200 BCE (Rigveda), , c. 1200–900 BCE (Yajurveda, Samaveda, Atharvaveda) verses 20,379 mantras wikisource The Vedas The Vedas (,, वेदः) are a large body of religious texts originating in ancient India. Composed in Vedic Sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. There are four Vedas: the Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the Atharvaveda....

February 15, 2023 · 30 min · TheAum

Dictionary: Vedi (altar)

Vedi (altar) !Homa during Sri Thimmaraya swamy Pratishthapana. Vedi (वेदी) is the sacrificial altar in the Vedic religion. Such altars were an elevated outdoor enclosure, generally strewed with Kusha grass, and having receptacles for the sacrificial fire; it was of various shapes, but usually narrow in the middle. They were used in various types of Yajna rituals, of which the lengthiest was the agnicayana, lasting twelve days. In Vedic times, offerings, often including animals, were burnt in the fire, and fully consumed by it....

February 15, 2023 · 4 min · TheAum

Dictionary: Vedic accent

Vedic accent The pitch accent of Vedic Sanskrit, or Vedic accent for brevity, is traditionally divided by Sanskrit grammarians into three qualities, udātta उदात्त “raised” (acute accent, high pitch), anudātta अनुदात्त “not raised” (from अ(न्)- (negative prefix) + उदात्त) (unstressed, or low pitch, grave accent) and svarita स्वरित “sounded” (high falling pitch, corresponds to the Greek circumflex accent). It is most similar to the pitch-accent) system of modern-day Japanese. Accents अग्निम् ईळे पुरोहितं (classical: अग्निम् ईडे पुरोहितं) “Agni I praise, the high priest....

February 15, 2023 · 4 min · TheAum

Dictionary: Vedic chant

Vedic chant The oral tradition of the Vedas (Śruti) consists of several pathas, “recitations” or ways of chanting the Vedic mantras. Such traditions of Vedic chant are often considered the oldest unbroken oral tradition in existence, the fixation of the Vedic texts (samhitas) as preserved dating to roughly the time of Homer (early Iron Age). UNESCO proclaimed the tradition of Vedic chant a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity on November 7, 2008....

February 15, 2023 · 13 min · TheAum

Dictionary: Vedic Sanskrit

Vedic Sanskrit name Vedic Sanskrit states India, Afghanistan, Nepal and Pakistan region Northwestern Indian subcontinent ethnicity Ārya era c. 1500 - 600 BCE familycolor Indo-European fam2 Indo-Iranian fam3 Indo-Aryan iso3 – isoexception dialect iso3comment (vsn is proposed) linglist vsn linglist2 qnk lingname2 Rigvedic notice IPA ietf sa-vaidika Vedic Sanskrit was an ancient language of the Indo-Aryan subgroup of the Indo-European language family. It is attested in the Vedas and related literature compiled over the period of the mid-2nd to mid-1st millennium BCE....

February 15, 2023 · 8 min · TheAum

Dictionary: Vedic science

Vedic science Vedic science may refer to: Vedic period Ayurveda Vedanga, the six ancient disciplines (shastra) subservient to the understanding and tradition of the Vedas Shiksha (): phonetics and phonology (sandhi) Chandas (): meter) Vyakarana (): grammar Nirukta (): etymology Jyotisha (): astrology (Hindu astronomy) Kalpa) (): ritual Traditional Historical Indian mathematics Traditional Hindu units of measurement Ayurveda, traditional medicine of India See also Hindu cosmology Hindu views on evolution Science and technology in ancient India Shastra

February 15, 2023 · 1 min · TheAum