Why do we need to worship nirguna brahman?
Why We Need To Worship Nirguna Brahman?
Saguna Brahma and the Nirguna Brahman are actually two levels of worship for two kinds of people. Simply terms, the saguNa worship means worshipping a divine form with Guna's or attributes like name, shape, the special powers .And worshiping Nirguna brahman is meditating on our self or atman and knowing that Atman is brahman i.e. remaining in Non-Dual state.
In a work attributed to Adi-Shankaracharya called Nirguna Manasa Puja he is talking about Nirguna Brahma Upasana. We find the answer there .According to shankara meditating on Atman (Nirguna) Brahman is real Bhajan ,kirtan ,Shravan Samadhi etc.
Here he is saying that knowing that our self or Atman is Brahman is the real worship of Brahman. And the person should know that its him (Atma) is the one whch is to be worshiped /meditated
विश्ववन्द्योऽहमेवास्मि नास्तिवन्द्यो मदन्यतः।
इत्यालोचनमेवात्र स्वात्मलिङ्गस्य वन्दनम्॥19॥
vishvavandyo.ahamevAsmi nAstivandyo madanyataH
ityAlochanamevAtra swAtmali~ngasya vandanam..
I am the one who has to be revered in the universe, and none else. Such an idea is the real salutation for the Atman.
In next shloka its said that that being meditating on Atman which is beyond any attributes is real Nama-Sankirtana ,Bhajana etc.
आत्मनः सत्क्रिया प्रोक्ता कर्तव्याभावभावना ।
नामरूपव्यतीतात्मचिन्तनं नामकीर्तनम् ॥20||
AtmanaH satkriyA proktA kartavyAbhAvabhAvanA.
Staying in the idea of non-existence of duty is the real honour, and meditating on the Atman which is beyond name and form is the real singing of names.
श्रवणम् तस्य देवस्य श्रोतव्याभावचिन्तनम्।
मननं त्वात्मलिङ्गस्य मन्तव्याभावचिन्तनम् ॥21||
shravaNam tasya devasya shrotavyAbhAvachintanam.
mananaM twAtmali~ngasya mantavyAbhAvachintanam..
Realization that there is nothing else to be known (apart from the Atman) is the true shravaNam (understanding of the text), and realization that there is nothing else to be contemplated upon is mananam (contemplation) in the true sense.
ध्यातव्याभावविज्ञानं निदिध्यासनमात्मनः ।
समाधिरात्मनो नाम नान्यच्चित्तस्य विभ्रमः ।
तत्रैव ब्रह्मणि सदा चित्तविश्रान्तिरिष्यते ॥23||
samAdhirAtmano nAma nAnyachchittasya vibhramaH.
tatraiva brahmaNi sadA chittavishrAntiriShyate..
The awareness that there is nothing else to be contemplated upon is the true assimilation of knowledge, and staying in one self by total absence of delusion and divergence is Samadhi. It is a state of constant absorption of mind in the brahman (the first and second sloka-s are to be read together).
And why we need to worship Nirguna Brahman is answered in this verse. Its said that meditating on Atman (self as Nirguna Brahman ) as described in vedanta the results of good or bad effects of karmas will not bind a person and his avidya (ignorance ) will disappear and thus his miseries ,and he will attain the bliss of Moksha.
कुर्वन्नामरणं वाऽपि क्षणं वा सुसमाहितः॥24||
सर्वदुर्वासनाजालं पदपांसुमिव त्यजेत् ।
विधूयाज्ञानदुःखौघं मोक्षानन्दं समश्नुते ॥25||
kurvannAmaraNaM vA.api kShaNaM vA susamAhitaH..
sarvadurvAsanAjAlaM padapAMsumiva tyajet.
vidhUyAj~nAnaduHkhaughaM mokShAnandaM samashnute..
In this manner, a person with equanimity, by worshiping the Self as visualized in the vedAnta shAstra, either for a moment or till his death, will shake off the accumulated results of good and bad deeds like the dust on the feet, and likewise will throw off the multitude of miseries caused by ignorance and thus attain the Bliss of Self-realization.
So according to Shankara Advaita knowing Self is Brahman and meditating on Nirguna Brahman is real form of worship ,bhakti etc. one can attain Moksha through this kind of meditation. All his ignorance will disappear and he will experience pure bliss. And this is why we need to worship Nirguna Brahman.
We can read full NirguNa-MAnasa-PUjA Of Sri Adi Shankaracharya here with english translation.
Note: “The question: Why do we need to worship nirguna brahman?” is licensed by Stack Exchange Inc (https://hinduism.stackexchange.com/); user contributions licensed under CC BY-SA.