Which scriptures mention about Sutak dosha (various prohibitions on child birth)?
which scriptures mention about Sutak dosha?
Manu Smriti, Chapter 5 declares ten days of Sutaka (impurity) for Sapinda.
- A man who hears of a (Sapinda) relative's death, or of the birth of a son after the ten days (of impurity have passed), becomes pure by bathing, dressed in his garments.
Vishnu Smriti, Chapter 22 gives impurity period by each Varna.
The impurity of a Brâhmana caused by the birth or death of Sapindas lasts ten days.
In the case of a Kshatriya (it lasts) twelve days.
In the case of a Vaisya (it lasts) fifteen days.
In the case of a Sûdra (it lasts) a month.
Gautama Smriti, Chapter 14 agree with Vishnu Smriti. It declares:
- (The rules regarding impurity caused by the death of a relative apply) to the birth (of a child) also.
The Sapindas become impure by the death (of a relative) during ten (days and) nights, except those who officiate as priests, who have performed the Dîkshanîyeshti (or initiatory ceremony of a Srauta sacrifice), and those who are students.
(The impurity) of a Kshatriya lasts for eleven (days and) nights,
(That) of a Vaisya twelve (days and) nights,
(Or), according to some, half a month,
(And that) of a Sûdra a whole month
Vashishtha Smriti, Chapter 4 also declares the same.
A Brâhmana is freed from impurity (caused by a death or a birth) after ten days,
A Kshatriya after fifteen days,
A Vaisya after twenty days,
A Sûdra after a month.
Parashara Smriti, Chapter 3 allow Brahmana to be pure after three days.
Now I shall speak of the term of impurity resulting on the occurrence of a birth, or a death. Brahmans in three days become pure again, when a relative has died, or has been born.
A Kshatriya recovers purity in twelve days ; a Vaisya, when fifteen days have passed ; a Shoodra, after the lapse of a month ; this is conformable to what Parasara has said.
What are prohibitions on it?
Vishnu Smriti, Chapter 22 gives following prohibitions:
- During the period of impurity oblations (to the Visvedevâs), gifts and receiving of alms, and study have to be interrupted.
Other prohibitions are given in Rickross's answer.
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