Jiddu Krishnamurti (/ˈdʒɪduːkrɪʃnəˈmuːrti/; 12 May 1895 – 17 February 1986) was an Indian philosopher, speaker and writer. In his early life, he was groomed to be the new World Teacher, but later rejected this mantle and withdrew from the Theosophy organization behind it.
His interests included psychological revolution, the nature of mind, meditation, inquiry, human relationships, and bringing about radical change in society.
He stressed the need for a revolution in the psyche of every human being and emphasised that such revolution cannot be brought about by any external entity, be it religious, political, or social.
Krishnamurti was born in South India in what is now the modern day Madanapalle of Andhra Pradesh. In early adolescence, he met occultist and theosophist Charles Webster Leadbeater on the grounds of the Theosophical Society headquarters at Adyar in Madras.
He was subsequently raised under the tutelage of Annie Besant and Leadbeater, leaders of the Society at the time, who believed him to be a ‘vehicle’ for an expected World Teacher.
As a young man, he disavowed this idea and dissolved the Order of the Star in the East, an organisation that had been established to support it.