जितात्मनः प्रशान्तस्य परमात्मा समाहितः |
शीतोष्णसुखदुःखेषु तथा मानापमानयोः ||६-७||


jitātmanaḥ praśāntasya paramātmā samāhitaḥ .
śītoṣṇasukhaduḥkheṣu tathā mānāpamānayoḥ ||6-7||



6.7. The thinking of the person, with subdued mind and [hence] with complete calmness, remains in eilibrium in the case of others and of himself, in cold and heat, in pleasure and pain, like-wise in honour and dishonour.

Shri Purohit Swami

6.7 The Self of him who is self-controlled, and has attained peace is equally unmoved by heat or cold, pleasure or pain, honour or dishonour.

Sri Abhinav Gupta

6.7 Jita-etc. A person with complete calmness : a person without ego. [The thinking etc.] ; A thinking that entertains no difference in the case of others and of himself, and of cold and heat etc., i.e., [entertains] no like and dislike [for them].

Sri Ramanuja

6.7 Of him whose self is conered, i.e., whose mind is conered, whose mind is free from fluctuations and who is very calm, ’the great self’ becomes well secured, i.e., exceedingly well secured in connection with heat and cold, pleasure and pain, and honour and dishonour.

Here the individual self (Pratyagatman) is called ’the great self’ (Paramatman), as the context justifies this only. It can also be called ‘great’, because it is at a higher stage relatively to previous successive stages. Or the word may be construed as follows: The self is secured greatly - Atma parma samahitah. [In any case it should not be taken as the Supreme Being].

Sri Shankaracharya

6.7 Parama-atma, the supreme Self; jita-atmanah, of one who has control over the aggregate of his body and organs; prasantasya, who is tranil, who is a monk with his internal organ placid; samahitah, becomes manifest, i.e. becomes directly manifest as his own Self. Moreover, (he should be eipoised) sita-usna-sukha-duhkhesu, in the midst of cold and heat, happiness and sorrow; tatha, as also; mana-apamanayoh in honour and dishonour, adoration and despise.

Swami Adidevananda

6.7 Of him whose mind is conered and who is serene, the great self is well secured in heat and cold, in pleasure and pain, and in honour and dishonour.

Swami Gambirananda

6.7 The supreme Self of one who has control over the aggregate of his body and organs, and who is tranil, becomes manifest. (He should be eipoised) [These words are supplied to complete the sentence.] in the midst of cold and heat, happiness and sorrow, as also honour and dishonour.

Swami Sivananda

6.7 The Supreme Self of him who is self-controlled and peaceful is balanced in cold and heat, pleasure and pain, as also in honour and dishonour.


Swami Sivananda

6.7 जितात्मनः of the selfcontrolled? प्रशान्तस्य of the peaceful? परमात्मा the Supreem Self? समाहितः balanced? शीतोष्णसुखदुःखेषु in cold and heat? pleasure and pain? तथा as also? मानापमानयोः in honour and dishonour.Commentary The selfcontrolled Yogi who is rooted in the Self keeps poise amidst the pairs of opposites (Dvandvas) or the alternating waves of cold and heat? pleasure and pain? honour and dishonour. When the Yogi has subdued his senses? when his mind is balanced and peaceful under all conditions? when he is not in the least influenced by the pairts of opposites? when he has renounced all actions? then the Highest Self really becomes his own Self. He attains to Selfrealisation. As he rests in hiw own Self? he is ever serene or tranil he is not affected by the pairs of opposites? and he stands as adamant in the face of the changing conditions of Nature.