स एवायं मया तेऽद्य योगः प्रोक्तः पुरातनः |
भक्तोऽसि मे सखा चेति रहस्यं ह्येतदुत्तमम् ||४-३||


sa evāyaṃ mayā te.adya yogaḥ proktaḥ purātanaḥ .
bhakto.asi me sakhā ceti rahasyaṃ hyetaduttamam ||4-3||



4.3. The self-same ancient Yoga has been taught now by Me to you on the ground that you are My devotee and friend too. This is the highest secret.

Shri Purohit Swami

4.3 It is the same ancient Path that I have now revealed to thee, since thou are My devotee and My friend. It is the supreme Secret.

Sri Abhinav Gupta

4.1-3 Evam etc. upto uttamam. Eventhough it has come down by regular succession of teacher, it is lost now. By this [statement] the Bhagavat indicates the rarity (or difficulty) and respectability of this knowledge. You are My devotee and friend too : You are a devotee having nothing but Me as your final goal and you are a friend too. This ’too’ indicates the secondary importance [of the friendship]. Hence, just as in the sentence ‘wander begging food [etc]’, the importance lies in the act of begging food, but unimportance in the act of bringing the cow; in the same way, in the present case it is devotion towards the teacher that is important and not the friendship also. This is the idea intended here.

Sri Ramanuja

4.3 It is the same ancient, unchanged Yoga which is now taught to you, who out of friendship and overwhelming devotion have resorted to Me whole-heartedly. The meaning is that it has been taught to you fully with all its accessories. Because it is the most mysterious knowledge declared in the Vedanta, it cannot be known or taught by anyone other than Myself.

In this connection, in order to know the truth about the Lord’s descent correctly, Arjuna asked:

Sri Shankaracharya

4.3 Sah, that; puratanah, ancient; yogah, Yoga; eva, itself; ayam, which is this; proktah, has been taught; te, to you; maya, by Me; adya, today; iti, considering that; asi, you are; me, My; bhaktah, devotee; ca sakha, and friend. Hi, for; etat, this Yoga, i.e. Knowledge; is a uttamam, profound; rahasyam, secret. Lest someone should understand that the Lord has said something contradictory, therefore, in order to prevent that (doubt), as though raising a estion,

Swami Adidevananda

4.3 It is the same ancient Yoga which is now taught to you by Me, as you are My devotee and My friend. For, this is a supreme mystery.

Swami Gambirananda

4.3 That ancient Yoga itself, which is this, has been taught to you by Me today, considering that you are My devotee and friend, For, this (Yoga) is a profound secret.

Swami Sivananda

4.3 That same ancient Yoga has been today taught to thee by Me, for thou art My devotee and My friend; it is the supreme secret.


Swami Sivananda

4.3 सः that? एव even? अयम् this? मया by Me? ते to thee? अद्य today? योगः Yoga? प्रोक्तः has been taught? पुरातनः ancient? भक्तः devotee? असि thou art? मे My? सखा friend? च and? इति thus? रहस्यम् secret? हि for? एतत् this? उत्तमम् best.Commentary This Yoga contains profound and subtle teachings. Hence it is the supreme secret which is revealed by the Lord.