यच्चापि सर्वभूतानां बीजं तदहमर्जुन |
न तदस्ति विना यत्स्यान्मया भूतं चराचरम् ||१०-३९||


yaccāpi sarvabhūtānāṃ bījaṃ tadahamarjuna .
na tadasti vinā yatsyānmayā bhūtaṃ carācaram ||10-39||



10.39. Further, O Arjuna, I am that which is the seed of all beings; there is no being, whether moving or non-moving, that could exist without Me.

Shri Purohit Swami

10.39 I am the Seed of all being, O Arjuna! No creature moving or unmoving can live without Me.

Sri Abhinav Gupta

10.39 See Comment under 10.42

Sri Ramanuja

10.39 Of all beings, in whatever condition they may exist, whether manifest or not, I alone am that state. Whatever host of beings are said to exist, they do not exist without Me as their Self. In the statement, ‘Nothing that moves or does not move exists without Me’, it is taught that the Lord exists as the Self, as said in the beginning: ‘I am the Self, seated in the hearts of all beings’ (10.20). The purport is that the entire host of beings in every state, is united with Me, their Self. By this He makes it clear that He, being the Self of all things, is the ground for His being denoted by everything in co-ordinate predication.

Sri Shankaracharya

Ca, moreover; O Arjuna, yat api, whatsoever; is the bijam, seed, the source of growth ; sarva-bhutanam, of all beings; tat, that I am. As a conclusion of the topic the Lord states in brief His divine manifestations: Na tat asti bhutam, there is no thing; cara-acaram, moving or non-moving; yat, which; syat, can exist; vina maya, without Me. For whatever is rejected by Me, from whatever I withdraw Myself will have no substance, and will become a non-entity. Hence the meaning is that everything has Me as its essence.

Swami Adidevananda

10.39 I am also that which is the seed of all beings, O Arjuna. Nothing that moves or does not move, exists without Me.

Swami Gambirananda

10.39 Moreover, O Arjuna, whatsoever is the seed of all beings, that I am. There is no thing moving or non-moving which can exist without Me.

Swami Sivananda

10.39 And whatever is the seed of all beings, that also am I, O Arjuna; there is no being, whether moving or unmoving, that can exist without Me.


Swami Sivananda

10.39 यत् which? च and? अपि also? सर्वभूतानाम् among all beings? बीजम् seed? तत् that? अहम् I? अर्जुन O Arjuna? न not? तत् that? अस्ति is? विना without? यत् which? स्यात् may be? मया by Me? भूतम् being? चराचरम् moving or unmoving.Commentary I am the primeval seed from which all creation has come into existence. I am the seed of everything. I am the Self of everything. Nothing can exist without Me. Everything is of My nature. I am the essence of everything. Without Me all things would be mere void. I am the soul of everything.