पवनः पवतामस्मि रामः शस्त्रभृतामहम् |
झषाणां मकरश्चास्मि स्रोतसामस्मि जाह्नवी ||१०-३१||


pavanaḥ pavatāmasmi rāmaḥ śastrabhṛtāmaham .
jhaṣāṇāṃ makaraścāsmi srotasāmasmi jāhnavī ||10-31||



10.31. Of the progenies of Diti (the demons), I am Prahlada; of the measuring ones, I am the shark; of rivers, I am the daughter of Jahnu (the Ganga).

Shri Purohit Swami

10.31 I am the Wind among purifiers, the King Rama among warriors; I am the Crocodile among the fishes, and I am the Ganges among rivers.

Sri Abhinav Gupta

10.31 See Comment under 10.42

Sri Ramanuja

10.31 Of moving things, namely, of things whose nature is to move, I am the wind. Of those who bear weapons, I am Rama. Here the ality of bearing weapons is the Vibhuti, as no other sense is possible. Aditya etc., being individual selves, constitute attributes of the Lord, who is their Self as they constitute His body. Therefore they stand in the same position of the attribute as that of bearing weapons.

Sri Shankaracharya

10.31 Pavatam, of the purifiers; I am pavanah, air. Sastra-bhrtam, among weilders of weapons, I am Rama, son of Dasaratha. Jhasanam, among fishes etc; I am the particular species of fish called makarah shark. I am jahnavi, Ganga; srotasam, among rivers, among streams of water.

Swami Adidevananda

10.31 Of moving things, I am the wind. Of those who bear weapons, I am Rama. Of fishers, I am Makara, and of rivers, I am Ganga.

Swami Gambirananda

10.31 Of the purifiers I am air; among the wielders of weapons I am Rama. Among fishes, too, I am the shark; I am Ganga among rivers.

Swami Sivananda

10.31 Among the purifiers (or the speeders) I am the wind; Rama among the warriors am I; among the fishes I am the shark; among the streams I am the Ganga.


Swami Sivananda

10.31 पवनः the wind? पवताम् among purifiers or the speeders? अस्मि (I) am? रामः Rama? शस्त्रभृताम् among wielders of weapons (warriors)? अहम् I? झषाणाम् among fishes? मकरः Makara (shark)? च and? अस्मि (I) am? स्रोतसाम् among streams? अस्मि (I) am? जाह्नवी the Ganga.Commentary The holy river Ganga (spelt Ganges in English) was swallowed by Jahnu when she was being brought down by Bhagiratha from heaven. Hence the name Jahnavi for Ganga.