Mandala 3

The third Mandala of the Rigveda has 62 hymns, mainly to Agni and Indra. It is one of the “family books” (mandalas 2-7), the oldest core of the Rigveda, which were composed in early Vedic period (1500 - 1000 BCE). Most hymns in this book are attributed to Vishvamitra

The verse 3.62.10 gained great importance in Hinduism as the Gayatri Mantra.

List of incipits

The dedication as given by Griffith is in square brackets

  • – English translation by Ralph T. H. Griffith