Prithvi or Prithvi Mata (Sanskrit: पृथ्वी, pṛthvī, also पृथिवी, pṛthivī) ’the Vast One’ is the Sanskrit name for the earth as well as the name of a devi (goddess) in Hinduism and some branches of Buddhism

In the Vedas, her consort is Dyaus Pita, the sky god but, later in Puranas, she is known as Bhūmi, Varaha’s wife

As Pṛthvī Mātā (‘Mother Earth’) she is complementary to Dyaus Pita (‘Father Sky’)

In the Rigveda, Earth and Sky are primarily addressed in the dual as Dyavapṛthivi

She is associated with the cow

Prithu, an incarnation of Viṣṇu, milked her in cow’s form

Despite strong historical Hindu influence, the name is also used for national personifications of country Indonesia, where in certain points have been internally referred to as “Ibu Pertiwi” (in Indonesian)

It has 28 names in Sanskrit