Moksha (; Sanskrit: मोक्ष, mokṣa), also called vimoksha, vimukti and mukti, is a term in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism for various forms of emancipation, enlightenment, liberation, and release

It refers to freedom from dukkha and saṃsāra, the cycle of death and rebirth, by knowledge of the true self (Atman-jnana), c


the lack of a permanent essence, and the release from craving and clinging to passions and the mundane mind

In Hindu traditions, moksha is a central concept and the utmost aim of human life; the other three aims being dharma (virtuous, proper, moral life), artha (material prosperity, income security, means of life), and kama (pleasure, sensuality, emotional fulfillment)

Together, these four concepts are called Puruṣārtha in Hinduism

In some schools of Indian religions, moksha is considered equivalent to and used interchangeably with other terms such as vimoksha, vimukti, kaivalya, apavarga, mukti, nihsreyasa and nirvana

However, terms such as moksha and nirvana differ and mean different states between various schools of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism

The term nirvana is more common in Buddhism, while moksha is more prevalent in Hinduism