In Indian philosophy and religions, gyāna (Sanskrit: ज्ञान, jñāna, [ˈdʑɲaːnɐ]) (Pali: ñāṇa) (Hindi: gyān) is “knowledge”

The idea of gyana centers on a cognitive event which is recognized when experienced

It is knowledge inseparable from the total experience of reality, especially a total or divine reality (Brahman)

The root jñā- is cognate to English know, as well as to the Greek γνώ- (as in γνῶσις gnosis) and Russian знание

Its antonym is ajñāna “ignorance”