The Guru Granth Sahib (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ, pronounced [ɡʊɾuː ɡɾəntʰᵊ saːhɪb]) is the central holy religious scripture of Sikhism, regarded by Sikhs as the final, sovereign and eternal Guru following the lineage of the ten human gurus of the religion

The Adi Granth (Punjabi: ਆਦਿ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ), its first rendition, was compiled by the fifth guru, Guru Arjan (1564–1606)

Its compilation was completed on 29 August 1604 and first installed inside Golden Temple in Amritsar on 1 September 1604

Baba Buddha was appointed the first Granthi of the Golden Temple

Shortly afterwards Guru Hargobind added Ramkali Ki Vaar

Later, Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh guru, added hymns of Guru Tegh Bahadur to the Adi Granth and affirmed the text as his successor

This second rendition became known as the Guru Granth Sahib and is also sometimes referred to as the Adi Granth

The text consists of 1,430 angs (pages) and 5,894 shabads (line compositions), which are poetically rendered and set to a rhythmic ancient north Indian classical form of music

The bulk of the scripture is divided into 31 main rāgas, with each Granth rāga subdivided according to length and author

The hymns in the scripture are arranged primarily by the rāgas in which they are read

The Guru Granth Sahib is written in the Gurmukhi script, in various languages, including Lahnda (Western Punjabi), Braj Bhasha, Kauravi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, and Persian

Copies in these languages often have the generic title of Sant Bhasha

The Guru Granth Sahib was composed predominantly by six Sikh gurus: Guru Nanak, Guru Angad, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan, and Guru Tegh Bahadur

It also contains the traditions and teachings of fourteen Hindu Bhakti movement sants (saints), such as Ramananda, Kabir and Namdev among others, and one Muslim Sufi saint: Sheikh Farid

The vision in the Guru Granth Sahib is of a society based on divine freedom, mercy, love and justice without oppression of any kind

While the Granth acknowledges and respects the scriptures of Hinduism and Islam, it does not imply a moral reconciliation with either of these religions

It is installed in a Sikh gurdwara (temple)

A Sikh typically bows or prostrates before it on entering such a temple

The Granth is revered as eternal gurbānī and the spiritual authority in Sikhism