Artha (; Sanskrit: अर्थ; Tamil: poruḷ) is one of the four aims of human life in Indian philosophy

The word artha literally translates as “meaning, sense, goal, purpose or essence” depending on the context

Artha is also a broader concept in the scriptures of Hinduism

As a concept, it has multiple meanings, all of which imply “means of life”, activities and resources that enable one to be in a state one wants to be in

Artha applies to both an individual and a government

In an individual’s context, artha includes wealth, career, activity to make a living, financial security and economic prosperity

The proper pursuit of artha is considered an important aim of human life in Hinduism

At government level, artha includes social, legal, economic and worldly affairs

Proper Arthashastra is considered an important and necessary objective of government

In Hindu traditions, Artha is connected to the three other aspects and goals of human life: Dharma (virtuous, proper, moral life), Kama (pleasure, sensuality, emotional fulfillment) and Moksha (liberation, release, self-actualization)

Together, these four mutually non-exclusive aims of life are called Puruṣārtha